2.3.2. Instructions for use means of passive safety of the driver and passengers
Front seats have to be removed from the car dashboard on the greatest possible distance providing to the driver a possibility of free driving; the seatback has to be given to vertical position; do not forget to be fastened by seat belts
The instructions stated below acquaint the reader with ways of ensuring the maximum protection of all people who are in the car.
After the driver and all passengers took the places in salon, make sure that all doors of the car are densely closed.
On some models the special control lamp which lights up at leaky closing of one or several doors of the car is provided.
The driver sitting too close to the dashboard is exposed to the increased risk of traumatizing, up to receiving serious mutilations and a lethal outcome from blow about a steering wheel or at operation of a safety cushion, in case of the road accident.
In order to avoid risk of traumatizing, properly fasten a seat belt, bring a seatback into vertical position (an inclination no more than 30 °) and densely nestle on it a back, having removed at this seat in the situation, most remote from a steering wheel. Certainly, the driver has to ensure the good review and a possibility of a convenient manipulation all governing bodies of the car. Make sure that the seat of the forward passenger is also most removed from the dashboard.
Too close provision of seats of the driver and forward passenger to a steering wheel / dashboard in case of the road accident can lead to receiving serious injuries and even death!
Try to have always front seats on the maximum removal from modules of frontal safety cushions.
The vast majority of drivers (even low growth) can remove most far a driver's seat from a steering wheel, freely reaching at the same time pedals. However if you are disturbed by too close provision of a driver's seat to a steering wheel, authors of the present manual recommend to the reader to pay attention to existence of some types of the service equipment, - at company car repair shops Mercedes-Benz it is possible to obtain exhaustive information on the matter.
Having convinced of correctness of provision of a seat, check reliability of its fixing.
Adjust an inclination of a back of a driver's seat, having brought it into the most convenient for your constitution, as close as possible to vertical situation, having left at the same time sufficient space between a thorax and a nave of a steering wheel with the safety cushion which is built in in it. Remember that excessively close arrangement of the driver / the forward passenger to the dashboard considerably increases risk of getting injured at operation of frontal safety cushions.
Too strong inclination of a seatback leads to the fact that the humeral section of a seat belt will not nestle on a thorax that in an essential measure reduces efficiency of its protective functions. The more the seatback is inclined back, the probability of slipping of the body sitting under zone section at strong front blow is higher and the heavier can be traumatized. Instructions for adjustment of seatbacks are provided in the Section Adjustment of Seats.
The cut of a head restraint has to be flush with the upper edge of the ear sitting
Before a start of motion make sure that the provision of head restraints on each of seats conforms to necessary requirements, providing due protection of cervical department of the backbone and head sitting at blow behind. The head restraint has to be adjusted on height so that its central part was flush with a nape. If it does not manage to achieve, the head restraint should be established in extreme top situation.
The wrong provision of head restraints reduces efficiency of their protective functions and increases risk of receiving serious injuries as a result of the road accident!
Instructions for adjustment of provision of head restraints are provided in the Section Adjustment of Seats.
All people who are in the car during the movement have to be fastened by seat belts.
Belts of front side and back seats have a diagonal and zone (three-anchor) design. The special adjusting device of a comfortable prileganiye of three-anchor belts automatically reduces effort of their tension in provisions 1 and 2 of the ignition key.
The central seat of a back seat is equipped with a two-anchor belt of a zone design with the returnable device.
Seat belts of front side seats of the second row are equipped by automatic emergency natyazhitel. The order of use of such belts is similar to an order of use of belts of a usual design. In more detail the principle of functioning of emergency natyazhitel is considered in the Section System of Additional Safety (SRS).
Use of one seat belt for fastening more than one person is not allowed.
The two-anchor belt and zone section of a three-anchor belt have to settle down at the level of hips, covering a coxofemoral joint sitting as the strongest element of a skeleton of the person (see below).
The humeral section of a belt should not be passed under the arm or be imposed on a neck of sitting.
You watch that the belt was not overwound.
Remember that maximum efficiency of action of a seat belt is reached in vertical position of a seatback. The excessive inclination of a back increases probability of the slipping sitting under a belt at blow.
Seat belts of a diagonal and zone design have three anchor points, one of which is equipped with the inertial returnable device with automatic blocking at breakthroughs. Belts of this kind do not need adjustment of length.
At installation of a special children's seat it is necessary to transfer a seat belt to a condition of constant blocking by a full pulling it from the returnable device. Holding it in the extended state, record them a children's seat, working according to instructions of the manufacturer of the last. After a buckle zashchelkivaniye surplus of length of a belt will be winded on a drum of the returnable device and will be blocked, having provided reliable fixing of a children's seat.
For return of a belt to a usual operating mode remove a special children's seat and allow the returnable device to wind a belt on the inertial drum.
Instructions for use seat belts
Otpuskaniye of a clamp of the top anchor of humeral section of a three-anchor seat belt is made by means of a key (4)
Zashchelkivaniye of a seat belt
Rules of placement of humeral and zone sections of a seat belt
For an otstegivaniye of a seat belt it is necessary to press the PRESS button on the buckle lock case
Adjust the provision of the top anchor of humeral section of a three-anchor seat belt under the constitution.
Slowly extend a belt from the returnable device, throw it through a shoulder and latch a belt buckle bracket in the lock, then pull for a strap of humeral section up, checking reliability of fixing of a bracket in the lock. Make sure that the strap of a belt is not overwound, - the overwound belt in itself is dangerous.
As much as possible lower zone section of a belt, having placed it as low as possible on hips. Having pulled for humeral section, choose a weak point and try to achieve a dense prileganiye of a belt to a body, - in case of need tighten a belt as appropriate. The strap has to pass through a thorax sitting on diagonal so that loading at blow fell generally on the strongest upper torso.
Negligence to use of seat belts is fraught with receiving severe injuries in case of the road accident!
The driver of the vehicle, having fastened by the seat belt, has to check that all passengers were also properly fastened.
The correct provision of zone section of a belt will provide the safest repayment of inertia of a body at accident, holding it for strong bones of a coxofemoral joint.
Do not pass humeral section of a belt near at hand at all and do not get it for a back, - it can be fraught with the most serious consequences at accident!
Incorrectly functioning seat belt will not be able to provide appropriate protection of the driver/passenger in case of the road accident. Unacceptably wrong use of belts involves serious risk of getting injured, damages and even a lethal outcome. In the absence of confidence in correctness of adjustments, charge to specialists of car repair shop of the Mercedes-Benz company how to carry out check of functioning of seat belts.
To unfasten a belt, press the red button with the inscription PRESS which is located on the buckle lock case. At taking-up of a belt it is necessary to hold with a drum of the returnable device it for a buckle bracket. After an exit from the car track that the belt did not get to a doorway and was not clamped at a zakhlopyvaniye of the last.
Additional information on seat belts on the car is given below.
Additional information on seat belts
Diagonal and zone (three-anchor) seat belt
Belts of a diagonal and zone design are equipped with the returnable device of inertial type which drum, automatically chooses a weak point of straps and constantly supports a small preliminary tension of the belt pressed to a body. Inertial belts practically does not constrain movements of the person fastened by them and allows it to change a pose to a seat easily. At the road accident or sharp braking of the car the returnable device automatically blocks a seat belt, providing fixing of a body from dangerous movements.
At a sharp pulling of humeral section of a belt the fixing mechanism of the returnable device is put in action. The drum blocks a belt, excepting a possibility of dangerous movement of the passenger.
Special adjusting devices of a comfortable prileganiye of three-anchor belts automatically reduce effort of their tension in provisions 1 and 2 of the ignition key.
- Do not attach any slips and other objects to straps of seat belts. Installation of extras or change of provision of fastening of humeral section can reduce efficiency of action of seat belts and increase probability of traumatizing at accident.
- Have no firm or sharp objects between the body and a forward safety cushion.
- Transportation of firm or sharp objects on a lap, or driving with a tube for smoking or other sharp objects in a mouth at accident can lead to receiving heavy to injuries.
- For the purpose of prevention of risk of unauthorized operation of frontal safety cushions try not to press hands to the locations of their modules on the dashboard and a nave of a steering wheel.
Automatic emergency natyazhitel of seat belts
The steering column has to be adjusted so that steering wheel was opposite to a thorax of the driver. Situation at which the nave of a steering wheel is opposite to a face of the driver is wrong as reduces protective functions of the forward safety cushion which is built in in it. The description of the procedure of adjustment of provision of a steering wheel is provided in the Section Adjustment of Provision of a Steering Wheel.
Landing to a seat
After the driver and all passengers took the places in interior of the car, adjusted the provision of the seats and put on seat belts, they have to give the correct situation to the body, having densely nestled a back on a seatback and having firmly put legs on a floor of salon. Legs should not come off a floor up to a full stop of the car and switching off of the engine.
Violation of correctness of landing during the movement increases risk of getting injured as a result of the road accident. So, if passengers sit having bent, lie, turn in the parties, bend forward or sideways, get on a seat with legs, the risk of receiving serious mutilations by them as a result of accident considerably increases.
Besides, the forward passengers holding the wrong position on seats can suffer serious injuries from the parts of internal finishing of salon breaking as a result of emergency blow, or from operation of a forward safety cushion.
If on the car equipped with side/head safety cushions the head of the forward passenger during the movement is inclined sideways and is in a zone of operation of a safety cushion, the risk of receiving by it extremely increases at accident of serious injuries and mutilations.
Try to observe the correct situation on a seat during all trip, holding a back densely pressed to a seatback and having put legs on a floor. Remember that vertical position of landing and competent use of seat belts increase efficiency of functioning of all elements of safety which equipped the car.
Recommendations for pregnant women
Safety of the pregnant woman is the best way of preservation of a fruit in case of road accident therefore at the movement on the car (as the driver or the passenger) the pregnant woman has to be fastened without fail by a seat belt, paying at the same time special attention to correctness of placement of its sections concerning the body.
When using belts of a diagonal and zone design it is necessary to remember that the zone section of a belt has to settle down as low as possible on hips and not to be imposed on a stomach at all.
The pregnant woman also has to hold vertical position on a seat. At the same time the front seat has to be most far removed from the dashboard that will allow in case of the road accident or operation of a forward safety cushion to reduce risk of getting injured and mutilations not only for mother, but also for a fruit.
At each visit of the observing doctor, consult whether it is desirable to drive for you the car.
Transportation of children
For safety of transportation of children of younger and middle age it is necessary to use special children's seats and means of fixing, detailed instructions for placement and to which installation to you will be offered in the place of acquisition of a product. In case of need address for consultations on company car repair shops Mercedes-Benz.
On the models meeting standards of ISOFIX, side back seats are equipped with special brackets (1) for fixing of child seats
Always seat the child on the BACK seat of the car and properly fix it by means of a special children's seat or a seat belt. Operation of safety cushions at collision can cause to the child a serious trauma or even to lead to a lethal outcome, especially if the child is not fixed or fixed incorrectly. As children it is less and more weakly than adults, the risk of receiving injuries by them at operation of safety cushions is higher. Fix ALL devices of safety of children only on the BACK seat. On the models meeting standards of ISOFIX, side back seats are equipped with special brackets for fixing of child seats. According to the statistics of accident rate, the back seat is safer for children, than forward.
Use of the children's seat established by the person against the direction of the movement
Generally the children's seat in which the child sits the person against the direction of the movement has to be placed only on a back seat of the car!
On some cars the special system of registration of installation of a special children's seat for the right front seat is installed. When fixing such special children's seat on a front passenger seat on a combination of devices the control lamp of AIRBAG OFF has to light up, confirming thereby the fact of shutdown of a passenger safety cushion. The refusal of operation of a control lamp demonstrates that shutdown of a pillow did not happen and the children's seat should be transferred back, - ask for the help on HUNDRED Mercedes-Benzs.