2.3. Elements of security systems
All cars considered in the present manual are equipped a complex of the means intended for protection of the driver and passengers in case of the road accident. Here the seats equipped with head restraints, seat belts (passive elements), and also emergency automatic natyazhitel of belts, frontal and side safety cushions of the driver and forward passenger (active elements) enter, and at the corresponding complete set - head pillows (curtains) of safety and back side safety cushions.
Some components of security systems, being an integral part of a design of the car, do not require additional attention from the owner of the vehicle. The strong steel frame forming a design of a cabin in which the salon is located belongs to their number; the forward and back zones of deformation absorbing energy of blow at collision and also the devices of an automatic tension of seat belts (an additional complete set) which are carrying out automatic selection of a weak point of tapes of belts in case of blow.
Passive elements of safety
For safety of the driver and passengers all seats of the car are equipped with seat belts.
On a combination of devices of some models the special control lamp reminding to the driver and passengers about need to be fastened by seat belts is provided (see the Section Combination of Devices, measuring instruments and control lamps and light indicators).
Provision of seats and their backs
The design of seats of the car guarantees the maximum comfort to the person sitting in them, at the same time providing conditions of the most effective implementation of the functions with belts and safety cushions. Soft stuffing of pillows and backs provides additional protection sitting in emergencies.
The choice of provision of a seat also exerts impact on safety of the person sitting in it. For example, at excessive approach of a seat to a steering wheel / dashboard the risk of the traumatizing sitting at operation of a safety cushion, and also risk of ejection through a windshield at head-on collision increases.
Increase in an inclination of a seatback will worsen fixing of a body a seat belt, - the more the back is rejected back, the probability of slipping of a body of the belt sitting under zone section at strong front blow is higher, and the heavier can be traumatized.
Record the provision of a front seat in the most remote (convenient for implementation of driving) from a steering wheel / dashboard situation, bring a back into vertical position.
Head restraints prevent traumatizing cervical department of a backbone and head at blow behind. The head restraint has to be adjusted on height so that its top cut was flush with the upper edge of the ear sitting (see the Section of the Instruction for use by means of passive safety of the driver and passengers).
Active elements of safety
SRS system elements are among active elements of safety (see the Section System of Additional Safety (SRS)).